The use of a non qualified assignment or non qualified structured settlement can provide assurances to the spouse receiving child support obligations, alimony, or periodic payment equity distributions, that payments will be received on time every time, thus reducing the time and cost of new court proceedings to resolve issues that may arise. This will be of particular interest where the paying spouse has wildly fluctuating commission or bonus income, lives a long distance away, or in another country.
For the paying spouse it's the opportunity to pay an amount of cash when you presumably have it. If things change for you financially, why be stuck with a bad deal and all the acrimony that goes along with it? For both spouses it's a savings of the future time, expense and administration. One assignee will take on alimony payments where amounts are fixed.
There may be the need for a spouse to have income for a period of time or in lump sums for anticipated needs. Typically the design of such payments is constrained by having to rely on a promise to pay by a single individual (ex-spouse) who may die, become disabled, lose his/her job or business. The paying spouse may not want continued negative interaction on finances with the ex spouse, or a lien on assets. There may be spendthrift issues.
For these reasons structured settlement annuities can be a useful tool when applied to negotiating property division, alimony or paying child support in a divorce. If negotiated and included in the settlement and divorce decree, single or multiple income streams can be created to provide short term periodic payments, lifetime income, college funds, retirement funding in a lump sum or in lifetime payments, or any other needs to be met in future dollars.
From a tax standpoint tax neutral divorce elements such as child support and property distribution are not tax reported. The interest accrued on the annuity payment however, will be reported. The determination of which spouse the interest is assigned to can be set forth in the divorce settlement agreement.
The advantage of using structured settlement annuities to resolve financial issues in divorce are as follows:
ADVANTAGES TO RECEIVING SPOUSE:
Security--no fear of broken promises of ex-spouse, attendant costs to enforce decree and alimony Payments are:
Contractually guaranteed by one of the largest insurance companies (no market risk)
Flexible plan designs and security allow for long term pay outs and multiple payment streams
The annuity may be creditor proof (depends on your state)
Obligation assigned through non qualified assignment process is not subject to general creditors of ex spouse
ADVANTAGES TO PAYING SPOUSE:
Potential for savings in discounted cost of payments
Get the obligations off the books through non qualified assignment process
Potentially ends obligation and contact with ex-spouse (clean break)
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